Due to severe drought and climate change, the western United States is running out of water. The alarmingly low water level in the western region of the United States, in some cases close to record levels, makes it even more urgent to find a solution to the problem.
“The American West has more hydrological changes – more years with floods and droughts – than any other part of the country,” says a professor of civil and environmental engineering at the University of California.
About 42% of the population of California, the most populous state in the United States with 39.5 million people, is currently at risk of drought. Almost every part of the state except Southern California and the San Francisco Bay Area is in dire straits, according to the state governor.
And if some of California’s most famous bodies of water can serve as an indicator of the current state of affairs, residents should be concerned. In June, the water level in Lake Mead, the largest reservoir in the country, fell to historically low levels, which is worrying given that the western United States is heavily dependent on surface waters. Nearby Lake Powell, the second largest reservoir in the United States, is showing similar trends.
“Climate change is definitely a challenge for the water supply system. Population growth puts additional pressure on the system as more and more water is directed to more homes.